Goods of Conscience
Mend the Social Fabric™

Weaving Techniques

 

Weaving Techniques

Weavers throughout Guatemala weave the indigenous cotton, along with Retroglo®, to make our Social Fabric™. 

There are two weaving techniques:

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FLOOR LOOM

The floor loom is made by Francisco Tcoc and his associates in a village north of Sololá, the capital city of the Mayan province around Lake Atitlán. The looms use no electricity. A simple pedal action sends the shuttle back and forth.



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BACKSTRAP

Backstrap weaving is the most primitive type of weaving and is still in-practice among indigenous peoples around the world. This method of weaving requires wooden dowels, a saddle, and a beam. A woman can care for her children and home while earning a decent living. Variations in tension and the natural punctuation of household chores that call a weaver away from the saddle, create a skin-like texture in the fabric. 

20 Mayan weavers produce backstrap loom fabric in Chicacao, Guatemala in their own homes.  It takes a weaver approximately 8-15 days to produce enough fabric for a garment using the backstrap weaving method.


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Floorloom vs. Backstrap

The following image shows the difference between the floorloom and backstrap fabrics.  The backstrap (top) has a thicker nap and is slightly more irregular than the floorloom (bottom).


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Retroglo®

Besides having visual appeal, the reflection has many levels of meaning. Practically, it prevents the Mayan weavers from the threat of cheap imitations and encourages the wearer to engage in a safe, active lifestyle.  On a higher level, the manmade fiber juxtaposed against a handmade cloth indicates the relationship between God and man.